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Trump announces 'Phase One' trade deal with China


President Trump and China on Friday announced that they had reached a Phase One trade deal that would see a reduction in tariffs from both sides and increase China's purchases of U.S. agricultural products.

"We have agreed to a very large Phase One Deal with China," Trump wrote, adding that negotiations on "Phase 2" of the deal would begin immediately, rather than after the 2020 election.

Trump and his administration pushed back at reports that he had agreed to halve the tariffs on billions of Chinese imports.

An announcement from U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer specified that the U.S. would keep 25 percent tariffs on some $250 billion of Chinese imports, but drop the rate to roughly 7.5 percent tariffs on another $120 billion in imports.

The deal also scrapped a new round of 15 percent tariffs scheduled to go into effect on an additional $156 billion of imports on Sunday.

At a press conference that began minutes before Trump's tweet, Chinese officials announced that an agreement had been reached on text for the nine-part deal, and said that tariffs would be phased out over time.

But officials also said the specifics of the deal on agricultural purchases, a major sticking point for President Trump, would be released at a later time. Chinese officials did say they would accept increased agricultural imports from the U.S.

Stock markets, which soared Thursday as reports surfaced that a deal had been struck, remained relatively ambivalent about the announcement. The Dow Jones Industrial Average briefly jumped 130 points, but was down nearly 40 within an hour.

China said the two sides are working toward wrapping up legal reviews and arranging for an official signing.

Lighthizer said the U.S. won concessions from China in the fields of intellectual property, technology transfer, financial services and currency.

“President Trump has focused on concluding a Phase One agreement that achieves meaningful, fully-enforceable structural changes and begins rebalancing the U.S.-China trade relationship," he said.

Earlier in the morning, Trump cast doubt on the deal, saying on Twitter that a Wall Street Journal article on the deal "is completely wrong, especially their statement on Tariffs. Fake News."

The deal could offer Trump a boost going into the 2020 election. Uncertainty over trade has been a major source of economic uncertainty, and by some accounts has completely countered the economic boost from Trump's signature tax cuts.

The announcement also comes just days after Trump and Democrats struck a deal to pass the United States Canada Mexico Agreement (USMCA), an update to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

As a candidate, Trump had promised to renegotiate NAFTA, which he called the worst trade deal in history.

The House is expected to pass the deal as soon as next week, while the Senate will wait until after it wraps up an impeachment trial for President Trump.

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